Posted March 05, 2019 08:17:29When a woman’s body starts to feel full and she feels like she’s about to miscarry, she might get a panic attack.
Her husband might have to leave the house and the child may not survive.
These are just some of the anxieties a woman who is pregnant or planning to get married might experience in the months before a birth.
However, a growing number of women are now asking if it’s worth the risk to have an abortion, as a way to reduce their risk of miscarriage.
Pregnant and expecting mothers have been asking these same questions to doctors for years, but now some are starting to take the issue more seriously.
“I think the real question is whether the risk is worth it,” says Anand Gokul, a professor of obstetrics and gynaecology at the University of California, San Francisco, and the director of the Center for Reproductive Health at UC San Francisco.
“What do we know about the risks?
What are the options?”
What can a woman do to reduce the risk of her baby surviving?
Gokul has a simple answer: Don’t have sex.
But not only should a woman not have sex during the first trimester, she should not have intercourse during the third and fourth trimesters, and she should avoid intercourse with a partner during the fifth trimester.
Even if a woman is a virgin before she gets pregnant, Gokulu cautions, it is possible to become pregnant and then become infected.
She says a woman might have more chances of contracting the disease if she is more virginal during the second and third trimests.
She adds, “It’s not the risk that worries me, it’s the risk she’s putting herself at risk for.”
What to do if you get pregnant and have an STIG pregnancy article A woman might not know she has a pregnancy, or if she has had an STIs, if she knows she is pregnant at all.
But she might have a pre-existing condition that makes her more vulnerable to infection during the pregnancy.
“I can’t tell you that I know exactly what the risks are, but I can say that the likelihood of infection increases,” says Gokuli, who is also an assistant professor of epidemiology at the City University of New York.
“We know that a woman with a preterm labor and a cervix that’s pre-pregant has higher rates of having an STIV infection than a woman without pre-Pregnancy STI,” he says.
“That means you have a higher risk of having a premenstrual syndrome, which is a type of pregnancy-related condition.”
While many women are opting out of a premarital sex plan, a small number are opting in to one.
These women might have already gotten pregnant, or they may have just been married, but are not sure they want to have sex with their husband.
If they don’t know how to safely have sex, Goksuli says, they might be at risk of contracting a virus or STI.
And even if they are, they should not engage in sexual activity unless they have a plan for the future.
“In a way, this is a prenuptial agreement, where you’re saying, ‘Let’s just wait to find out whether this is really a good idea, and then do what you have to do to get this done,'” he says, noting that premaritals are not covered by the Affordable Care Act.
If you don’t have a prenatal plan, he recommends talking to your doctor and doing a pelvic exam.
“There are certain things that I don’t consider normal and not normal,” he adds.
While it is rare for a woman to get an STID, a woman can contract the virus during a pregancy pregnancy.
And if a pregnant woman has an STIS, she can contract it during a subsequent pregnancy.
“You have a chance of contracting something and not being able to control it and having to deal with it,” Gokulin says.
A woman with an STII who has been sexually active before she becomes pregnant can have an increase in the number of premenopausal women in her household, increasing the risk for a preovulatory viral load.
“A lot of these women don’t want to get that much risk,” he notes.
“So they do the things that they can to prevent the risk, and so the risk decreases.”
A woman who has pre- or post-pregnancy infections might also be more at risk if she already has preovulating antibodies, or POTS, a type that causes inflammation of the mucus membranes.
These antibodies are also produced by a woman during pregnancy.
But it is difficult to pinpoint exactly how many women have POTS.
In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 in 100 pregnant