NEW YORK — Pregnancy is stressful.
It’s the reason women go to bed late, miss out on a baby shower or find out they can’t get an abortion.
But for some women, that stress can make it hard to get pregnant.
It can also make it difficult to make babies.
And that’s the problem.
Researchers at the University of Michigan have found that when women have a history of pregnancy anxiety, their chances of having a baby drop.
When the anxiety was present, the chance of a baby being born at 20 weeks was 1 in 50,000, said Elizabeth E. Gee, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology and co-author of the study.
In other words, women who have a fear of pregnancy are about twice as likely to have a baby with a birth defect.
If a woman has a history or a fear that pregnancy will be difficult, she might experience more pain during childbirth.
The study was published online in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Women who had a history and/or a fear about pregnancy anxiety were also more likely to be older and to be living in rural areas.
They also had higher rates of obesity, depression and substance use disorders.
The research also showed that women who were pregnant at the time of the survey had a significantly higher risk of having the baby with Down syndrome.
Dr. Gees study also found that women with a history had a slightly higher risk for having a child with a congenital heart defect, but the risk was not statistically significant.